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Reference for the assignment and codification SPIRAL

This part of wiki gathers pages linked with codification : assignments of criteria, evaluation of expressions..., proper to the SPIRAL typology.

Summary of the codification

General presentation

The SPIRAL codification of the well-being criteria comes from successive works of classification of the well-being and ill-being criteria expressed by the citizens into the homogeneous groups. It aims to :

  1. help the citizens and local actors (multi-stakeholders plate-form) to produce synthesises leading to understand the expression of the well-being in a territory;
  2. build progress indicators in the well-being field for the purpose of investigations (the definition of the significations' scale is made from the codification of the criteria -see the methodological guide 2010, fourth part);
  3. make global synthesis and statistico-semantic analysis very specific of the citizen's voice (for example to re-think public policies).

To answer to these three objectives, the codification has to follow the principle of the absence of ambiguity : each code matches one and only one semantic signification (which has two "sides": one positive and one negative, see below) and for each semantic signification there's only one code. Each top-level code expresses a general semantic signification which corresponds to a level of generality. For example A means "access to essentiel resources" A01 "access to food", A01/P "not having access to food", A01/P15 "can't have access to food due to lack of financial means", A01-11/P15 "can't eat bread due to lack of financial means", A01-11/P15/k "can't give bread to my children due to lack of financial means".

We see in this exemple that the code of one well/ill-being criteria is composed by 3 subcodes separated by "/" : the subcode object, the subcode sense, the subcode beneficiary (see below). When climbing a level of generality in the object and meaning code "0" are used and "i" for the beneficiary code. For example A00-00/O-00/i is the same as A00 or A, which means "access to essentiel resources", A01-00/i00/i is the same as A01 etc. .

Important note:

  1. Don't confuse semantic signification and linguistic expression; often semantic significations can be expressed in several ways (for example "to have a job", "not being unemployed", "have work" are linguistic expressions which have the same semantic signification). Also, for the treatment of the well-being criteria a generic term representing the most simple, clear, and universally shared expression has to be found for each code.
  2. Any criteria has two opposite meanings: positive (which corresponds to the well-being) and negative (which corresponds to the ill-being). Also here, do not confuse positive or negative significance with positive or negative expression/syntax, - for example to be hungry is positive by the syntax but has a negative significance (ill-being).
  3. Positive significance and negative significance are inseparable in the criteria, as the two faces of one coin (see the guide 2010). That is why any code refers to both meanings. The generic expression chosen is positive except for the codes "P" and "O" to help with the construction of surveys.
  4. A criterion of well or ill-being is, in general, formulated with a infinitive verb, expressing a level of natural abstraction, in response to the 3 questions. Nevertheless for the needs of the surveys, we use the first person of the present simple. For the generic expression used in many criteria to fit the generic expression of the proposal, that we find in the surveys, we change the wording: "to have friends" become "I have friends".

Subcode object

The object code is what the criterion speaks about : food, drink, employment, family life, social cohesion.

  1. It includes a simple level, with a letter and two figures (= the component) :
    • There are 9 dimensions
    • The dimension = a capital letter (such as A, the dimension for access to essentiel resources)
    • The component = dimension's letter + two figures: A02: medicines, care)
  2. It includes also an advanced level with a subcode:
    • The component + two figures : A02-74: "Health care facilities"

Subcode meaning

The meaning code is the way we talk about an object : access to the object, quality of the object, sustainability, etc.

  1. It includes a simple level : a letter : R, P, O, Q or S
    • Any meaning code is resumed in five categories
  2. It includes also an advanced level
    • To the category we add two figures : O21 (here in this exemple it means that "there's not enough of the object")

As a result, combined with an object : A02-74 O21 : criteria "To set more equipment to the hospital"

Under-code beneficiary

The beneficiary code answers the question "For who"

  1. It includes a group of letters
  • i = Individual or indetermined (we assume that by default the beneficiary is the individual who outlines the criterion) ;
  • ne = Unemployed people

Proposition system

There is a system of a unique proposition for each combination of these three codes.

List of the codes

Simple codification (for the facilitators)


CODEDescription enDescription fr
B03Shops, public offices, post offices, banks, reception centres, child-care facilities, local servicesHôpitaux, écoles, magasins, bureaux publics, bureaux de poste, banques, structures d'accueil, garderie d'enfants, proximité de services, aménagements de transport publique
B04Parks, public places, common areas, playgrounds, all public places where people can meet upParcs, espaces communs, aires de jeux, tous les endroits publics focalisant sur la rencontre des personnes
B05Sun, rain, temperature, natural local conditions, natural phenomenaSoleil, pluie, température, conditions naturelles locales, phénomènes naturels,
B06Contact with nature, green areas, woodland, countryside, mountains, rivers, preservation and upkeep of the landscapeContact avec la nature, verdure, bois, campagne, montagne, rivières ; préservation, entretien du paysage, cadre esthétique de l'espace de vie,
B07Farming practices, industrial practices (organic, non-intensive farming, less polluting industries)Pratiques agricoles, industrielles, agriculture bio, non intensive, pollution industrielle, conditions et matériel de travail,
C00Existing and quality of the governments in general, institutions, political system and economical world in generalExistence et qualité générale des gouvernements, institutions, monde économique en général, système politique en général
C01Human rights, social rights, rule of law, recognition by the state, freedom of expression, right to strikeDroit de l'homme, Droits sociaux, état de droit, la reconnaissance par l'État, la liberté d'expression, droit à la grève
C02Justice, respect for the law, regulations, courts, judges, lawyers, prisons, sanctions, police officers, security servicesJustice, respect des lois, réglementations, tribunaux, juges, avocats, prisons, sanctions, policiers, services de sécurité, démarches judiciaires
C03Functioning of democracy, participation in decisions and evaluation, dialogue between institutions and citizens, political systemFonctionnement de la démocratie, participation aux décisions et évaluation, dialogue entre institutions et citoyens, dialogue avec les organisations privées,
C04Communication by public and private organisations, consistency between promises and action, level of information, freedom of the press, integrity, quality and behaviour of the mediaCommunication par les organisations publiques et privées, cohérence entre les promesses et les actes, niveau d'information, liberté de la presse, honnêteté, qualité et comportements des medias, gestion de l'information et des medias,
C05All matters relating to public territorial management and organisational functioning, management of public funds, simplification of rules and formalities, taxes, corruption, bureaucracy, public serviceToutes les questions de gestion publique des services des territoires, le fonctionnement des organisations publiques et privées, gestion des deniers publics, simplification des règles et administrative, impôts, taxes, corruption, bureaucratie, service pub,
C06Reception, access to information, respect shown by public servants, facilitation of administrative procedures, informationRéception, accueil, accès aux informations, respect de la part des fonctionnaires, facilitation des démarches administrative, renseignements, relations avec les organisations privées (entreprises, NGO, etc?),

Measures in the social sphere,support for the disadvantaged strata of society, guidelines for the "3rd sector", care

Mesures dans la sphère sociale, soutiens aux personnes désavantagées, ligne de conduite pour le tiers secteur, soins
D00Having relationships, close friends; being alone, rejected, betrayed; being appreciated, listened to, understood, helped; being loved; getting on with the people around one; having good friends and neighboursAvoir des relations personnelles, relations avec les proches, être seul, qualité des relations, entente avec son entourage, être entouré, sentiments envers ses proches, aleas et difficultés
D01Having sexual and/or loving relationships, having a partner, being married, sharing one's life with someone else, quality of these relationshipsAvoir des relations sentimentales, être en couple, être marié, vie de couple, qualité de la relation de couple, relations sexuelles
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CODECategory frCategory endernière modif.
R--OppositionOpposition2012-05-17 15:43
P--PossibilitéPossibility2012-05-17 15:44
O--ObtentionAttainment2012-05-17 15:44
Q--QualitéQuality2012-05-17 15:44
S--SoutenabilitéSustainability2012-05-17 15:44

Advanced codification (Dynamisors, researchers)

Object code

IndicatorObject CodeDescription FRDescription ENdernière modif.
B07B07-50INDUSTRIE2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-41Moyens de transport2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-40COMMERCIALISATION2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-352014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-34Infrastructures vente2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-32Appareils de pêche2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-31Bateaux de pèche2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-28Infrastructures fermières2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-27Machines agricoles2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-26Soins (vétérinaires, etc)2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-25Techniques génétiques pour les animaux2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-23Volailles2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-21Porcin2014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-192014-03-10 14:38
B07B07-182014-03-10 14:38
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Meaning code

CODESGeneric Expression FRGeneric Expression ENdernière modif.
P10Je ne peux pas obtenir X2013-01-23 09:16
P11X n’existe pas, les conditions n’existent pas2012-08-13 13:43
P12Obstacle physique, matériel, inaccessibilité de X ou X existant insuffisant pour y avoir accès2012-08-13 13:43
P13obstacle légal, politique : je n’ai pas droit à X/ Mon droit n’est pas reconnu2012-08-13 13:43
P14Obstacle sociétal : discrimination, exclusion dans l’accès à X.2012-08-13 13:43
P15Obstacle financier ou en termes de ressources disponibles: moyens trop faibles pour avoir X.2012-08-13 13:43
P16Je n’ai même pas accès aux aides publiques d’urgence de compensation 2012-08-13 13:43
P17Absence de base pour l’action : ni motivation, ni intérêt, ni valeurs, ni règles d’action2012-08-13 13:43
P18Incapacité personnelle d’avoir X/ de s’adapter par soi-même/ manque de chance2012-08-13 13:43
P19Je ne fais rien ou fais l’inverse de ce qu’il faudrait faire pour avoir X2012-08-13 13:43
P20J’ai perdu toute possibilité d’obtenir X.(Avoir)2012-08-13 13:43
P21Je n’ai jamais eu X ou l’ai totalement perdu ou été rejeté de X2012-08-13 13:43
P22J’ai perdu l’opportunité d’avoir X et je ne l’aurai plus2012-08-13 13:43
P23Quelque chose a fait que mon X s’est totalement dégradé/cassé/Vivre en violence.2012-08-13 13:43
P24Le X que j’ai ou auquel je pourrais avoir accès est régulièrement ou en permanence dégradé / sans résultat.2012-08-13 13:43

Beneficiary code

Beneficiary CodeDescription FRDescription EN
iindividu ou indéfini (dans ce cas on suppose qu’il s’agit de l’interlocuteur)
jjeunes, étudiants
kenfants (kinder) /alunos/fihos
lpersonnes âgées (elder people)
mvfemmes veuves
msfemmes seules avec des enfants.
nnon favorisé
nfnon finances, pauvres
ninon indépendants, toxico-alcooliques.
nasans abris
nepersonnes sans emploi
nsnon santé, malades
ncpersonnes handicapées en général
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Steps of the construction of a generic indicator (attribution / synthèse)

  • Dimension (ex : A or I)
  • Component (ex : A00 or I12)
  • Category (ex : R--, P--, O--, Q--, S--)

-> Empirical redaction of the proposals It is possible to write the proposals in an empirical way by poll criteria synthesis.

  • Meaning code level 1 = Category
  • Meaning code level 2 - Major types (Indiv Conditions, Indiv Forms, Indiv Effects, Soc Conditions, Soc Forms, Soc Effects)
  • Meaning code level 2 - Characteristics by major type

-> Systematized writing of the proposals A first systematized generic writing by combined Components and Sense-Code is done (Aissata's work). =>Set of generic proposals

  • Object code objet level 1 = Component
  • Object code objet level 2 = Sub-component
  • Object code objet level 3 = detail
  • Beneficiary code

-> Details of the proposals It is then possible to finalize the proposal in completing the generic proposals thanks to the object code.

Table of contents:

Page last modified on Tuesday 08 of March, 2016 17:34:26 UTC